CentOS – find packages provided by repositories

A quick note to myself… This is what I do when I need to find which packages are provided by a certain repository. First I update the list of the available packages:

# yum check-update

Then I do a listing of them (bold is mine):

# yum repolist
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirrors.prometeus.net
* epel: fr2.rpmfind.net
* extras: mirrors.prometeus.net
* updates: mirrors.prometeus.net
Excluding Packages from CentOS-5 - Base
Finished
Excluding Packages from CentOS-5 - Updates
Finished
repo id repo name status
base CentOS-5 - Base 3,612+29
epel Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 5 - x86_64 7,241
extras CentOS-5 - Extras 266
updates CentOS-5 - Updates 95
repolist: 11,214

At this point, if I need to find what packages are provided by the EPEL repository and write that list on a file, I’ll simply digit:

# rpm -qa | grep epel > epel-list.txt

Pulp – Juicy software repository management


via pulpproject.org

Pulp is a Python application for managing software repositories and their associated content, such as packages, errata, and distributions. It can replicate software repositories from a variety of supported sources, such as http/https, file system, ISO, and RHN, to a local on-site repository. It provides mechanisms for systems to gain access to these repositories, providing centralized software installation.

migration from RHEL to CentOS, done!

Last year at work we brought a little server … you know, fiberchannel hard disks, 32GB of RAM, four quad core XEON … usual stuff ;-)
We also got a 1 year of Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscription. Obviuosly this year the money for a renewal of it’s licence aren’t available so, to keep safe and up-2-date, what do we do?

features rhel

We’ve decided to migrate to CentOS, given their famous binary compatibility with the Prominent North American Enterprise Linux Vendor ;-) Thanks to the Lord the process was simple and straightfoward as shown on the page of the official CentOS’ wiki.

Even with the subscription to RHN out-of-date, I did manage to upgrade r5.4 to 5.5 … the process cleaned ALL the official RedHat’s repo files from /etc/yum.repos.d … so beware, make a backup copy of them.

Then I’ve disabled the (few) 3rd party repo sources from my system (they are currently just adobe, epel and remi).

At this point I’ve followed the advice to disable first, and remove later, the yum’s rhnplugin since some CentOS’s forum user issued some warning or error if that was not done. Hence the following commands sequence was given (as root):

cp /etc/redhat-release /etc/redhat-release-saved
rpm -e --nodeps redhat-release-notes redhat-release yum-rhn-plugin redhat-logos

We’ve nearly there … I’ve manually downloaded on the system the three packages: centos-release, centos-release-notes and redhat-logos-X.X.XX-XX.el5.centos.noarch.rpm from the nearest (and fastest) distribution mirror available (they are placed in the ../5/os/$YOUR-ARCH/CentOS/ directory, by the way) and then manually installed with plain old rpm.

yum update

completed the process and here we are:

CentOS-5-3-Is-Here-Based-on-RHEL-5-3-3

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/issue
CentOS release 5.5 (Final)
[root@localhost ~]# uname -a
Linux localhost 2.6.18-194.3.1.el5 #1 SMP Sun May 2 04:17:42 EDT 2010 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

Cheers,
Nicola

upgrading PHP and MySQL on CentOS via the Remi’s repo

A quick reminder to myself on the things to do when you decide to upgrade PHP (and subsequently MySQL for a “nasty” php-mysql dependency problem) on a stock, running CentOS / RHEL server.

You can encounter a number of errors like this

ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table ‘mysql.servers’ doesn’t exist

when you do a simple FLUSH PRIVILEGES; command or worst.

The solution that has worked for me, and that you HAVE to do each time you upgrade (manually, via RPM or DEB) the MySQL server is to launch this command BEFORE you do anything else:

/usr/bin/mysql_fix_privilege_tables --password=$your-mysql-root-password

Another solution could be the one explained here, but on my servers the before mentioned command worked smoothly!

enable Java plugin on Firefox with CentOS or RHEL (64bit)

centos logo During last weeks I’ve installed and configuread a 64bit RHEL server, paying attention to include the open source java-openJDK and the official Sun’s JRE.

This morning a colleague called me via skype telling me that his Firefox didn’t have a proper Java plugin installed. At first glance I didn’t knew what to do and the first results of a Google’ session were useless refferring to old incompatibility between a 64bit Firefox and 32bit java vitual machine, old releases of both softwares, wrong *.so files to include.

Google and google I found this post, pointing the focus on the libnpjp2.so file which, on my machine, is placed under the /usr/java/jre1.6.0_16/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so path.

So I went to /usr/lib64/firefox-3.0.14/ folder {ignoring the old ones visible on the directory}, created a sub-directory called plugins (as root) and gave the command:

ln -s /usr/java/jre1.6.0_16/lib/amd64/libnpjp2.so libnpjp2.so

The I restarted Firefox and once loaded went to the Java Test Page to check my virtual machine installation and witnessed the correct, and aspected, result:

Your Java configuration is as follows:
Vendor: Sun Microsystems Inc.
Version: Java 6 Update 16
Operating System: Linux 2.6.18-164.2.1.el5
Architecture: amd64

Hope this will be useful to you too!